Understanding Different Types of Dog Skin Diseases

Skin conditions are one of the most troubling and common problems that bring pet owners in to see their vet. A professional has the necessary experience to diagnose, test and treat skin conditions for canine companions. Below is a common guide to dog skin diseases and conditions along with treatments.


A very common cause of itchy skin is allergies. These fall into three categories: fleas, environment, and food. Dogs that have an actual flea allergy are hypersensitive. One bite is enough to trigger a bout of chewing and scratching. There is no doubt, fleas can be hard to manage since it requires treating all of the pets in a household along with the environment they are in. Environmental allergies are those that are inhaled or absorbed directly through the skin. Last, food allergies are less common and a strict elimination in the diet is the only answer.

Hot Spots and Sores

Another regular cause of itchy skin is parasites like mites and fleas, as well as primary bacterial infections. Moist dermatitis or hot spots are known to spread very quickly once a dog starts to have symptoms. If any red or sticky sores are obvious, make a point to have the pet evaluated before the condition gets worse.

Hereditary, Internal & Hormonal Diseases

On occasion, skin conditions can be traced back to an external cause. Some may be hereditary, like seborrheic dermatitis. An example of a hormonal issue is when a dog has been diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Then, other times the skin condition could be a symptom of an internal illness. While the later is harder to diagnose, an experienced veterinary team will be able to offer the expertise to care for and effectively treat the pet.

There are many causes of skin conditions and diseases in canines. Because of this, they can be difficult to diagnose. It is best to try to match the characteristics of the causes with the symptoms a dog is exhibiting. The underlying cause must be diagnosed before the visible symptoms can be cured. Therefore, it is important to see a veterinarian as soon as a problem is noticed. This can help get your pet back on the road to good health.